From Center for Arms Control-Some Highlight of the Defense Appropriations Bill
The Senate should be debating the Defense Appropriations Bill at any time.
Here are some highlights. Many of these are Cold War Weapons, which is a good subject for letters to the editor:
Future Combat Systems (FCS) Fully funds the Administration's $3.6 billion request for Future Combat Systems, an advanced collection of armored vehicles, robots, and aerial drones connected through a sophisticated battle command network. The House cut $867 million from FCS in its version of the authorization bill.
Reliable Replacement Warhead (RRW) For RRW funding in the Department of Energy, the bill cuts $43 million from the Administration's $238.1 million RRW request, limits the funding that can be used for RRW in FY2008 to $195.1 million, and limits RRW program activities to Phase 2A and below. The Committee also zeroed out the Administration's $15 million RRW request for Navy research and development.
DoD Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) ["Nunn-Lugar"] Adds $100 million to the Administration's $348 million request for CTR for states of the former Soviet Union. DoE Nonproliferation Programs Adds $87 million to DoE nonproliferation programs. Included in the $87 million increase are $50.0 million for next generation nuclear detection technologies, the nuclear explosion monitoring program, and technologies to support improved nuclear material forensic capabilities; $14.0 million to accelerate shutdown of the plutonium producing reactor at Zheleznogorsk, Russia; $10.0 million for the second line of defense core program; $8.0 million for global initiatives for proliferation prevention; and $5.0 million for international regimes including technical assistance to IAEA for enhanced safeguards activities.
MAJOR WEAPONS SYSTEMS
F/A-22 "Raptor" Fighter
Administration request: $3.74 billion for 20 aircraft
Committee: $3.74 billion for 20 aircraft
Joint Strike Fighter
Administration request: $2.5 billion for six Navy and six Air Force aircraft
Committee: $2.5 billion for of six Navy and six Air Force aircraft and $480 million for the alternative engine program (not requested).
NOTE: The request included an additional $230 million for one aircraft as part of the war supplemental. Neither the House nor the Committee recommended this funding.
F/A-18E/F "Super Hornet" Fighter
Administration request: $2.11 billion for 24 aircraft
Committee: $2.8 billion for 36 aircraft
NOTE: $714 million for 12 aircraft transferred from Title XV
EA-18G Radar Jamming Aircraft
Administration request: $1.3 billion for 18 aircraft
Committee: $1.3 billion for 18 aircraft
V-22 "Osprey" Tilt-rotor
Administration request: $2.32 billion for 21 Navy and 5 Air Force aircraft
Committee: $2.32 billion for 21 Navy and 5 Air Force aircraft
C-130J Transport Aircraft
Administration request: $268.1 million for 4 Marine Corps KC-130J aircraft, and $799.7 million for 9 C-130J Air Force aircraft
Committee: $268.1 million for 4 Marine Corps KC-130J aircraft, and $799.7 million for 9 C-130J Air Force aircraft C-17 Globemaster Transport Aircraft
Administration request: $280.6 million
Committee: $280.6 million NOTE: The House included an additional $2.49 billion for 10 aircraft as part of its supplemental funding for military operations. No similar funds were included in the Senate version.
Ballistic Missile Defense
Administration request: $10.1 billion
Committee: $9.9 billion, $231 million below request
DDG-1000 "Zumwalt" Destroyer [DD(x)]
Administration request: $2.8 billion
Committee: $2.8 billion
Carrier Replacement Program (CVN-21)
Administration request: $5.87 billion for one vessel
Committee: $5.87 billion for one vessel
LPD-17 "San Antonio" Amphibious Assault Ship
Administration request: $1.7 billion for one vessel
Committee: $1.7 billion for one vessel NOTE: The House included $3.4 billion for two vessels.
SSN-774 "Virginia" Class Submarine
Administration request: $2.65 billion for one vessel
Committee: $2.65 billion for one vessel, plus $1.2 billion for advanced procurement of an additional submarine, $470 million above the reques
Stryker Interim Armored Vehicle (IAV)
Administration request: $1.0 billion for 127 vehicles
Committee: $2.1 billion for 390 vehicles (includes funding for 263 vehicles transferred from Title XV)
Future Combat System
Administration request: $3.6 billion
Committee: $3.6 billion NOTE: The House funds FCS at $857 million below request
UH-60 Blackhawk Helicopters
Administration request: $773.8 million for 42 aircraft Committee $1.3 billion for 42 aircraft
Dept. of Energy nonproliferation programs
Administration request: $1.723 billion
Committee: $1.81 billion ($87 million above request.)
DoD Cooperative Threat Reduction Program ("Nunn-Lugar")
Administration request: $348.0 million
Committee: 448.0 million
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR WEAPONS-RELATED ACTIVITIES
National Nuclear Security Administration
Administration request: $4 billion
Committee: $9.5 billion
INCLUDING Nuclear Weapons Activities
Administration request: $6.51 billion
Committee: $6.47 billion ($39 million below request)
Defense Environmental Clean-up
Administration request: $5.36 billion
Committee: $5.41 ($47 million above request)
KEY POLICY PROVISIONS
Space Posture Review Directs the Secretary of Defense and Director of National Intelligence to conduct a comprehensive review of the space posture of the U.S. The review would cover a 10-year period beginning February 1, 2009 and the report would be due on December 1, 2009.
Nuclear Posture Review Directs the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Energy to conduct a review of the nuclear posture of the United States for the next 5 to 10 years. The new nuclear posture review (NPR) would be submitted to Congress in December 2009.
Policy Report on Iran Prohibits the Secretary of Defense from obligating more than 75 percent of the funds available for FY2008 to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy until the report on United States policy for Iran, mandated by the FY2007 Defense Authorization bill, is submitted to Congress.
Private Security Firms Requires the Secretary of Defense to prescribe regulations on the selection, training, equipment, and conduct of personnel performing private security functions in an area of combat operations.
TITLE XV ONGOING OPERATIONS IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN
Section 1008 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2007 required the Defense Department to include in its annual budget request for future fiscal years detailed information on military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan previously funded through emergency supplemental appropriations. The Defense Department revised request for continued operations in Iraq and Afghanistan was $140.5 billion for FY2008. The Senate Armed Services Committee provided $127.5 billion, $13 billion less than the Administration's request. This $13 billion was moved to the base budget.
Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund Authorizes $4.5 billion for the FY2008 war-related Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Fund.
Iraq and Afghanistan Security Forces Fund Fully funds the Administration's request for $4.7 billion for war-related spending on security forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, with $2 billion going to Iraq Security Forces and $2.7 billion going to Afghanistan Security Forces.
No Permanent Bases, Control of Oil Resources in Iraq Prohibits funding being used to establish permanent bases or exercise control over oil resources in Iraq, extending the provision already in effect for FY2007.
Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP) Increases funding for MRAP vehicles by $4.1 billion: $2 billion in Marine Corps procurement, $1.5 billion in Army procurement, $430 million in Air Force procurement, $124 million in Special Operations Command procurement, and $21 million in Navy procurement. The Administration requested $441 million for MRAP in its February $141.8 billion war-related request. The Secretary of Defense must report back to Congress on MRAP procurement as part of ongoing HMMWV ("humvee") reporting requirements due to "concern about how the demands of this new production program in addition to the current production of HMMWVs and other tactical and support armored vehicles, will impact the availability of raw materials such as suitable steel."
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (H.R. 1585) House bill text, passed by the House May 17, 2007, accessible online:
http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_bills... id=f:h1585eh.txt.pdf <http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=110_cong_bills&am p;docid=f:h1585eh.txt.pdf> (PDF)
Senate Armed Services Committee press release, "Senate Armed Services Committee Completes Markup of National Defense Authorization Bill for Fiscal Year 2008," issued May 25, 2007, accessible online:
http://armed-services.senate.gov/press/08mark.pdf <http://armed-services.senate.gov/press/08mark.pdf> (PDF)