1325 PeaceWomen E-News Issue #93 September 2007

PeaceWomen E-News


September 2007

Focus on Burma

Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1325 on women, peace
and security, 31 October 2000. CLICK
for the full text of the resolution.

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1. Editorial: Working
for Peace in Burma

2. Women, Peace and Security News

3. Feature Statement:
WILPF Statement
on the Situation in Burma

4. Feature Initiative:
The Women's
League of Burma Postcard Campaign

5. Feature Analysis:
Global Justice Center: Security Council
Obligation to Act to Stop Crimes of Sexual Violence Against the
Women of Burma

6. Feature Resource:
Rights, Claiming Justice: A Guidebook on Women Human Rights Defenders

7. Translation
Languages of Burma

8. NGO Working Group on
Women, Peace & Security Update
Integration of
Gender Priorities in the UN Peacebuilding Commission

9. Women,
Peace and Security Calendar

The PeaceWomen Project is a project of the Women's International
League for Peace and Freedom
. Please visit us at http://www.peacewomen.org


The PeaceWomen Team

As we publish this September edition of the PeaceWomen 1325 E-News,
the attention of the world is turned to events unfolding in Burma.
From our Feature Statement from WILPF (Item 3), “The Women’s
International League for Peace and Freedom sends greetings, solidarity
and support to citizens of Burma, who courageously and non-violently
stand up for peace and freedom in their country.” As also
noted there, women have suffered in specific ways during the course
of the brutal military dictatorship in that country. Amongst the
violations suffered by women are the crimes of sexual violence to
which attention is drawn in this month’s Feature Analysis
(Item 5). Here the Global Justice Center – to whom we are
grateful for this insightful contribution – makes the point
that the current violence which the world is noting now is not new
and has been used “as a means to retain control over the people
of Burma for decades and the rape and torture of ethnic women has
been and still is a central component of this terror.” The
piece importantly notes the opportunity presented for the Security
Council to take seriously its commitments under Resolution 1325
and decisively to act when sexual violence is perpetrated in such
circumstances. It is important that commitment to this vital tool
be shown in country-specific contexts and not merely in annual rhetorical
debates. Women’s groups for their part continue to engage
with the resolution and efforts are continually being made to ensure
its availability to local actors. The PeaceWomen Translation Initiative
is part of this effort and we have included in this month’s
Translation Update (Item 7) reference and links to the 8 Burmese
language translations of 1325. As an extension of this effort we
feature our “1325 in Translation Initiative” through
which we examine the usefulness and importance of having 1325 available
in local languages and also seeks to collect 1325 tools and materials
in these languages.

The importance of engaging in concrete action and reaching beyond
rhetoric cannot be overstated. It is hoped, as we approach the seven-year
“anniversary” of 1325, that the Security Council finds
ways to itself take action and to move implementation efforts forward.
An area in which the need to take action could not be more urgent
is that of sexual and gender-based violence. As a first step, there
needs to be better monitoring and reporting on such violence to
the Security Council and we hope to see mechanisms put in place
to ensure that this happens. While non-governmental group’s
continue to report on trends and incidents of sexual and gender-based
violence, the reporting to Council from the Secretary General remains
limited and wholly inadequate. Many actors are working to consider
ways in which to improve this state of affairs within the UN system
and the Security Council too must play its part. In the meantime,
the work of women’s groups and others to document the use
of sexual violence remains critical. This is part of the larger
contribution that women’s groups make to building sustainable
peace. Burma provides many impressive examples of such efforts.
One of the many initiatives of the Women’s League of Burma
is that featured in this newsletter (Item 4). We encourage concerned
actors to participate in their postcard campaign which asks the
question “Is Defending Basic Rights a Crime?” As we
realize in the case of Burma, many women defending basic rights
are in fact persecuted or treated as criminals. The detention of
Aung San Suu Kyi is one important example of this but many other
pro-democracy and human rights activists are facing similar oppression
– as seen in items featured in this month’s news section
(Item 2) which highlight the issue in Burma and elsewhere. The critical
role of women human rights defenders is the subject of this month’s
Feature Resource (Item 6) – a guidebook to acknowledge their
role in promoting and protecting rights and to further empower them.
The role of women in peacebuilding more broadly is the subject of
several excellent events featured in our Calendar (Item 9) and is
also the topic of this month’s NGOWG Update (Item 8). This
features the report of a recent roundtable on women, gender and
the Peacebuilding Commission organized by the NGOWG on Women, Peace
and Security and International Alert.

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The closing note to this month’s
editorial is a personal one: the PeaceWomen Team wish to extend
a sad farewell to PeaceWomen Project Associate Milkah Kihunah who
is leaving us in October for new and exciting endeavors. Her contribution
to the Project over the last two years is deeply valued and she
will be sorely missed as a colleague and friend.

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We continue to welcome contributions to the newsletter’s content.
Contributions for the October 2007 edition should be sent to enewssubmissions@peacewomen.org
by Thursday 18 October 2007.

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Women Activists in Hiding

September 27, 2007 – (Irrawaddy.org) Among the Burmese
pro-democracy activists in hiding are many courageous and committed
women who have played leading roles in the recent demonstrations
against sharp price increases in fuel, which began on Aug 19. Authorities
have been hunting down at least two dozen activists.

Women’s Initiative: The Nobel Women’s Initiative condemns
Burma arrests

September 1, 2007 – (Burmanet.org) The Nobel Women’s
Initiative condemns the Burmese government for its continued suppression
of the democratic rights of its citizens and calls for the immediate
release of all protestors arrested for participating in demonstrations
against the regime’s exorbitant increase in fuel prices. It
is unacceptable that the citizens of Burma be denied the right to
free speech and peaceful protest.

San Suu Kyi appears at protest in Burma

September 23, 2007 – (Telegraph.co.uk) A Buddhist monk
in Burma has described how Aung San Suu Kyi came out of her home
and paid her respects to monks protesting against the ruling military


26, 2007 – (UN News) The President of Finland today backed
the creation of a new United Nations agency to deal with gender
issues and urged greater involvement of women in peacemaking and


September 21, 2007 - (Pambazuka News) Amina Mama writes, As South
Africa debates the political challenges associated with the ANC’s
year-end conference at Polokwane, this is perhaps a good moment
to think beyond immediate struggles and to consider what women have
achieved beyond the borders of this country.


September 21, 2007 - (OneWorld) On the occasion of September 21,
the International Day of Peace, the Journalists for Women and Children
Rights and Environmental Protection nongovernmental organization,
in cooperation with the French Caritas, launch the “1325 Reasons
Why!” campaign. The campaign aims to pressure the Parliament
of Macedonia to ratify the UN Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and


September 20, 2007- (MONUC NEWS) Wednesday September 19 2007 marked
the official launch in Kinshasa's Grand Hotel of UN resolution 1325
in the DRC, entitled "Women, Peace and Security." The
resolution envisages an action plan aimed at empowering women in
order to have gender equality and a durable peace, where there is
no impunity for sexual violence and other human rights violations
against women.


September 20, 2007 (AllAfrica) There will be no special dispensation
for women as political parties go to the primaries in preparation
for the 2009 general elections putting into doubt the parties' commitment
to women, empowerment.


September 18, 2007 - (OneWorld) Provoked by the threat of strengthened
ultra-right movements and use of religion to spread anti-democratic
and anti-women policies in the world, the Woman and Society Centre
Sarajevo and Women in Black Belgrade cooperate on a project designed
to articulate strategies of resistance to fundamentalism as biggest
threat to democracy, human rights and in particular women rights


September 18, 2007 – (Women living under muslim laws) An educational
workshop on women’s rights in Khoram Abad was disrupted after
police violently attacked participants and took them into custody.


September 14, 2007 - (IRIN) The international community must take
urgent action to eliminate rampant sexual violence in war-torn eastern
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Stephen Lewis, former UN special
envoy for AIDS in Africa, has said.


September 13, 2007 - (WOMENSENEWS) As postwar Burundi prepares for
a reconciliation process based on South Africa's, women's rights
advocates say the first step must be bringing the perpetrators of
sexual violence to justice.


September 12, 2007 – (IRIN) Jordanian officials have joined
hands with the private sector to fight violence against women by
launching a five-year project that will attempt to rectify misconceptions
about this phenomenon and provide badly needed aid to victims, say
women rights activists.


September 7, 2007 - (UN News Service) The most basic rights of children
are violated in Côte d'Ivoire, the West African country split
between the Government-controlled south and the Forces nouvelles-held
north since 2002, and there is "an alarming degree of violence
against children at the community level," according to a new
United Nations report.


September 7, 2007 – (AllAfrica) When Morocco held legislative
polls a decade ago, just two women were elected to the lower house
of parliament in this North African country. Legal reforms enacted
since have ensured that women will fare better when the latest parliamentary
ballot gets underway Friday. But for activists, there is still a
long way to go in bringing gender parity to the Chamber of Representatives.


September 6, 2007 - (Advocacy Net News) Advocates for women's rights
in Afghanistan are urging NATO to develop a gender policy for NATO's
25 provincial reconstruction teams (PRTs), in an effort to better
address the needs of women and bridge the gap between military and
civilian reconstruction efforts.


September 4, 2007 - (AllAfrica) The women in the Orange Democratic
Movement have called on the party's hierarchy to formulate rules
conducive for more women to venture into politics.


September 4, 2007 – (AllAfrica) SADC leaders have deferred
the signing of the Protocol on Gender and Development because some
member states need more time to conclude internal consultations
following late changes to the document.

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more regional women, peace and security news, CLICK

more international women, peace and security news, CLICK

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WILPF Statement on the situation
in Burma

24 September 2007

The Women’s International League for Peace
and Freedom sends greetings, solidarity and support to citizens
of Burma, who courageously and non-violently stand up for peace
and freedom in their country. A reign of terror has prevailed
in Burma since 1962, the population being brutally repressed by
a military dictatorship; women have suffered in terrible and specific

The international community has tolerated this
military junta far too long. Its silence has protected a culpable
economic exploitation by actors who must be made to cease their
profiteering and deal-making with the regime, currently headed
by General Than Shwe. The current culture of impunity must come
to an end, and those who have committed grave violations of international
humanitarian law must be justly prosecuted.

WILPF calls on all Member States of the United
Nations to:

Refuse the credentials of the Myanmar delegation
to the 62nd UN General Assembly, recalling the precedent of the
GA’s refusal to recognise the apartheid regime as representative
of South Africa’s population on 13 November 1970 in Resolution

Utilize the current meeting of the Human Rights
Council to re-establish the Special Procedure on Myanmar and call
for implementation of the recommendations of Special Rappoteur
Mr. Paulo Sergio Pinheiro (Brazil)

Consider the reports of the Special Rappoteurs
on Myanmar and call on the regime to allow them access to the
country for the first time since 2003.

Demand that UN humanitarian actors be given access
to provide needed assistance to the estimated 500,000 internally
displaced persons,

Demand that Aung San Suu Kyi be released from
house arrest and permitted to exercise her political and human
rights and freely enter the UN house

Exert pressure on the Than Shwe military regime
that it respect the peaceful demonstrations for democracy currently
taking place in Burma

Call on the military regime to engage in immediate
talks with the democracy leaders, who maintain a long-held position
of non-violence and support for dialogue and negotiation.

The terror and profiteering in Burma must end
– the time for decisive action is now.

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For other WILPF statements, please visit: http://www.wilpf.int.ch/statements/sindex.htm


The Women's League of Burma

Message to all our friends inside Burma and around the


June 19, 2007 was the 62nd birthday of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate. She has now been in detention for
nearly 11 years and 8 months since 20 July 1989.

With the theme “Is Defending Basic Rights
a Crime?”, WLB has launched a postcard campaign against
the Burmese military regime, the State & Peace Development
Council (SPDC), to oppose their unlawful detention of Daw Aung
San Suu Kyi, and other human rights advocates.

Please send the postcard to the nearest SPDC
embassy in your area.

In solidarity,

Sisters from the Women's League of Burma

For more information, please contact:

Nang Yain

General Secretary

+66 9 858 4668

To view the postcard, please click HERE

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For more Global & Regional Initiatives, click HERE

For more Country-specific Initiatives, click HERE

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The Security Council is
Obligated under Resolution 1325 to Act Now to Stop the Wide-Spread
Crimes of Sexual Violence Against the Women of Burma

Global Justice Center, September 2007

“China…should be reminded that gang rape is not
an Olympic sport, but a war crime.”

Janet Benshoof, President, Global Justice Center and long time Burma

The current violence being employed
against the people of Burma by the ruling military junta is not
new. Violence has been used as a means to retain control over the
people of Burma for decades and the rape and torture of ethnic women
has been and still is a central component of this terror. The recent
uprising and violent response provides an opportunity for the Security
Council to carry out its own mandate under Resolution 1325, providing
critical leadership to a resolution which holds great promise for
women that has yet to be realized. Resolution 1325 should impose
an independent and additional obligation on the Security Council
to intervene when acts of sexual violence are being perpetrated
against women in a widespread or systematic manner, as a weapon
of war or as an instrument of genocide.

Numerous reports by women’s
groups from Burma have documented the widespread use of rape, sexual
slavery and other forms of sexual violence. [See License to Rape,
Shan Women's Action Network ; Shattering Silences, Karen Women's
Organization; Catwalk to the Barracks, Mon Women's Organization;
No Safe Place, Refugees International; Poisoned Flowers, Palaung
Women's Organization.] It is time that crimes perpetrated by State
Peace and Development Council (SPDC) leaders are no longer buried
under the rubric of human rights violations, but called what they
are: war crimes, crimes against humanity and potentially even genocide.
In addition to its obligations to act under its Chapter VII mandate
to maintain international peace and security as well as under Resolution
1674 on the Responsibility to Protect, the Security Council has
an obligation to act to stop the wide-spread use of sexual violence
against the women of Burma under Security Council Resolution 1325.

Resolution 1325 remains today more
a promise than a reality due in part to a lack of enforcement and
accountability mechanisms, but the use of SCR 1325 in a legal context
is undeveloped. The Security Council should take the lead in enforcing
what it so progressively took the lead in passing. The Security
Council should immediately take all actions necessary to stop the
murders of innocent people in Burma and hold the military junta
commanders criminally accountable under every means possible, including
under Resolution 1325. The Global Justice Center is an NGO based
in New York that provides legal representation for women leaders
in developing democracies and transitional justice situations to
ensure strategic and timely enforcement of international equality
guarantees. (www.globaljusticecenter.net)

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Rights, Claiming Justice: A Guidebook on Women Human Rights Defenders

APWLD, September 2007

This guidebook is an important initiative to acknowledge
the valuable contribution of women human rights defenders in the
promotion and protection of human rights, and to empower them further
in their role. It builds on their achievements, including those
attained in the framework of the three-year international campaign
on women human rights defenders.

For the full report, please click HERE

For NGO and civil society reports, papers and sta8tements,
UN and government reports, and books, journals and articles on women,
peace and security issues, please click HERE

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1325 Translation Update:
Total number of available translations: 80

Burma’s official language
is Burmese, which is spoken by approximately 65% of the population.
There are four major language families: Sino-Tibetan, Austronesian,
Tai-Kadai, and Indo-European, and a wide variety of languages are
spoken, especially by ethnic minorities. 1325 is available in the
following languages of Burma:










The majority of the above translations
were coordinated and produced by the Women's League of Burma (an
umbrella women's organization comprising 11 women's organizations
from Burma)

Email: wlb@womenofburma.org

Website: http://www.womenofburma.org/

To view available languages of Burma
and other featured translations on the Peacewomen website, please


If you know of existing translations
of 1325 which are not among the 80 on the PeaceWomen website, or
would like to volunteer as a translator, suggest potential translators
or add languages to the list for priority translation, please contact

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Other languages currently
on the priority list are:

Achehnese (Indonesia)

Acholi/Luo (Northern Uganda, W. Kenya, South Sudan)

Aymara (Bolivia, Peru)

Embera (Colombia)

Hmong (spoken in Laos, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, and Southern China)

Luganda (Uganda)

Malayalam (South Indian)


Oshiwambo (Namibia)

Paez (Colombia)

Pashto (Afghanistan)

Pidgin (Papua New Guinea)

Quechua (Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Northern Chile, Argentina, Southern

Romani (or Romany)

Sangho (Central African Republic)

Shilook (Sudan)

Wayu (Venezuela)

Wayunaiki (Colombia)

Xhosa (S. Africa)

Zande (Sudan)

Zulu (S. Africa)

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As part of its 1325 Translation
Initiative, PeaceWomen is soliciting information on how translations
of Resolution 1325 are being used and the impact of these translations
on the work of women peace and security advocates.

We invite anyone who has used translations
of 1325 for outreach, advocacy or other purposes, or who may know
how translations of the resolution are being used, to provide us
with information detailing among other things:

• Which particular translation(s)
of 1325 you have used or know are being used

• Who carried out the translation (if known) or how the translation(s)
was accessed

• The types of activities for which this translation(s) has
been used (e.g. workshops, radio programs) and your views about
the impact of such activities in promoting resolution 1325

• What you believe to be the importance of translating Resolution
1325 into local languages

Kindly contribute to the “Using
1325 in Translation” effort by responding to these questions
or submitting any other information on translating UNSCR 1325 to

For more information on the “using
1325 in translation” initiative, please visit:


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NGOWG Update

Integration of Gender Priorities in the
UN Peacebuilding Commission

The Peacebuilding Commission can play a central
role in the implementation of SCR 1325 at the local and national
levels, by coordinating, promoting and supporting engagement with
women’s groups and in mobilizing political will at the national
level to further advance gender priorities and policy, including
in regard to Security Sector Reform.

In June 2007, the NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security,
in conjunction with International Alert initiated a roundtable focusing
on the gender dimension of peacebuilding in Sierra Leone and Burundi,
entitled “Enhancing Security and the Rule of Law: How can
gender be better integrated into the priorities of the UN Peacebuilding
Commission?” The Roundtable was sponsored by the Permanent
Missions of the Kingdom of Norway to the United Nations and the
Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United

The outcome document prepared in response to the
roundtable is now available.

For the Full Report, please click HERE

For more information visit: http://www.womenpeacesecurity.org/

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Conference: Examining Present
Achievements, Building Future Peace and Justice

Armenia, October 2-5, 2007

This conference will consist of
bringing 30 female mayors and leaders from border villages in Armenia
and Artzakh (Nagorno Kharabakh) to convene in Hadrut and Stepanakert
(Artzach) for a three-day conference, to discuss specific roles
of women in sustaining stability and peace in complex situations
in border regions. The Conference aims at designing models of effective
inclusion of women in the peace process, taking into consideration
local realities and international experience. This Conference will
also examine current problems related to security and stability
in situation of “frozen conflict“. The participants
will work on preparing recommendations to enhance security and foster
development in their communities.The format of the conference will
consist of an opening session, a series of panel discussions, and
a concluding session with a rollout of conclusions and recommendations.
The Conference is organized by the NGO“Democracy Today”
in partnership with Kwina till Kwina.

Tel. : 3741531956; 3741565680 or
mobile : 091424559

Email : Gulnara.Shahinian@gmail.com

Book Reading: “Women
Building Peace: What they do, why it matters”

Celebrate the 7th anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325
on Women, Peace and Security with Sanam Anderlini on Tuesday, October
30, 2007 at 5:30 pm in New York City at 777 United Nations Plaza.

In her book, Sanam Anderlini offers a comprehensive, cross-regional
analysis of women's peacebuilding initiatives around the world.
Anderlini also traces the evolution of international policies in
this arena and highlights the endemic problems that stunt progress.
Her astute analysis, based on extensive research and field experience,
demonstrates how gender sensitivity in programming can be a catalytic
component in the complex task of building sustainable peace, and
provides concrete examples of how to draw on women's untapped potential.

For more information, please contact
Cora Weiss at cweiss@igc.org

Responding to Trafficking
for Sexual Exploitation in South Asia: A Regional Conference in

10-11 October 2007, New Delhi

As the guardian of the UN Protocol
against Trafficking in Persons, UNODC is taking the lead on an initiative
to produce a turning point in the fight against trafficking in persons.
It is called the UN Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking
(or UN.GIFT).

To launch UN.GIFT in South Asia,
UNODC is organizing a major awareness-raising event in New Delhi
on 10-11 October 2007. This Conference – entitled the “South
Asia Regional Conference on Human Trafficking” – will
bring together private sector leaders, government officials, civil
society organizations, and partnering UN agencies in order to generate
strategies and declare support for combating human trafficking,
especially the trafficking of women and children for commercial
sexual exploitation. Aside from opportunities to network, share
best practices, and mobilize funds, one key result of the event
will be the announcement of a Delhi Declaration, which will lay
the foundation for post-conference follow-up. The Government of
India (through the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of
Women and Child Development) is partnering with the UNODC for the
October conference.

For more information, please click here

54th Jane Addams Children's
Book Awards

October 19, 2007 at 2:30 PM, 777 United Nations
Plaza (2nd Floor) on the corner of 44th St. and 1st Ave.

This annual event offers a memorable
afternoon of presentations, responses by honorees or their representatives
and an opportunity to meet and talk with each honored guest. This
year, we are expecting honorees Cynthia Kadohata, Amy Lee Tai, Felicia
Hoshino, Elizabeth Winthrop, Tim Tingle and Jeanne Rorex Bridges.
A reception and book signing will follow the presentations, with
the honored books available for purchase.

For more information, please click

Gender, War, and Militarism-An
International Conference

Alice Paul Center for Research on Women, Gender, and Sexuality,
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

October 25-26, 2007

For more information, please click here

2-day International Conference

Gender, Rights and Empowerment in Southeast Asia

October 30-31 , 2007, Bangkok, Thailand

The aim of this conference is to
analyze women's socio-economic roles, their changing contexts and
opportunities, and the efforts made by governments and NGOs to enhance
their contributions. Specifically, the objectives are:

1. To analyze gender issues and
the socio-economic role of women in the traditional and modern sectors,

2. To provide countrywide data on opportunities and constraints
on women including status of women in education, health, politics,
natural resources and civil society,

3. To document lessons learned from GOs' and NGOs' programs,

4. To review the state of women's studies in developments efforts,

5. To suggest policy measures to improve education and opportunities
to enable women at all levels to participate in the new economic
order effectively, and

6. To set a new tone of discussion on globalization and development
as partnership between men and women for reconstructing family,
community and work in the new economic order of the 21st century.

For more information, please click

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For the complete calendar, CLICK

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Best Wishes,

PeaceWomen Team

Sam Cook, Milkah Kihunah and Susi Snyder

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

United Nations Office

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Tel: 1.212.682.1265




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